Canadian Biology Links
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Adventures in Science and Technology - Biology -- Bilingual
This web site provides a brief definition of biology and offers some ideas for educational projects. This is a good site for young children who are developing an interest in science.
Association for Biology Laboratory Education (ABLE)
The purpose of ABLE is "to promote information exchange among university and college educators actively concerned with teaching biology in a laboratory setting. The focus of ABLE is to improve the undergraduate biology laboratory experience by promoting the development and dissemination of interesting, innovative, and reliable laboratory exercises." The web site provides membership and conference information.
Biology Teaching Links
This page provides an extensive list of links to biology resources on the Internet.
Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology
The Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology studies the world's ecosystems and "undertakes research programs in areas where the ROM has a particular strength in its collections or where Curatorial staff has a special expertise and leadership position for conducting research of international significance." The web site includes information on northern biodiversity, tropical biodiversity, molecular systematics, and conservation biology. The centre is a division of the Royal Ontario Museum.
Critical Thinking in Biology Using Case Studies
"This page illustrates how case problems can inspire students in an introductory college biology course to develop scientific reasoning skills." Geared to biology instructors, this page provides a few sample problems and a list of reference books.
Endangered Species in Endangered Spaces -- Bilingual
"This internet exhibit provides information on some of the rare and endangered plants and animals in the Thompson-Okanagan region of British Columbia." The site includes information on endangered species "risk status," "distinguishing features," "habitat," and "biology."
This page is an annotated list of web sites that deal with the subject of evolution. The list is large and the annotations are often amusing and informative, but the web site has not been updated since 1999 and some of the links are broken.
Federation of Nova Scotia Naturalists
"The Federation of Nova Scotia Naturalists exists to support the common interests of naturalists clubs, and to represent those clubs at the provincial level. Its primary activities include the conservation of species and spaces, education and the sustainable use of resources." This web site is primarily for members of the Federation of Nova Scotia Naturalists, but anyone interested in Nova Scotia ecology will find the "natural history," "conservation," and "nature" sections useful.
Institute for Biological Sciences -- Bilingual
"The Institute for Biological Sciences (IBS) does innovative research in neurobiology and immunochemistry of importance to the health and pharmaceutical sectors." The web site provides information about the institutes facilities, research programs, and staff.
OceanLink calls itself "an online intertidal field guide." Based in British Colombia, OceanLink is geared to students in grade school and high school. It is an environmentally oriented site that includes an "ask a scientist" page, a glossary of terms, articles, and an excellent links page.
Protist Image Data
"Protist Image Data (PID) provides pictures and short descriptions of selected protist genera, especially those genera whose species are frequently used as experimental organisms or are important in studies of organismal evolution." This site is not for everyone; most of the links are to sites that "provide direct access to scholarly information on the morphology, ultrastructure, molecular biology, taxonomy, ecology and physiology" of protists. Even the casual visitor, however, will be impressed by the photomicrographs in the "Protist Picture Gallery," and the accompanying text is a good, though fairly technical, introduction to the life and times of the protists.
University of Toronto National Biology Competition
The University of Toronto National Biology Competition "is designed primarily for outstanding biology students . . . The aim of the competition is to provide students with an opportunity to test their knowledge and understanding of biology." The web site includes information about the upcoming competition, "profiles of top scholars," and links to other science and math "competitions and Olympiads" for high school students.
Amphibian Limb Regeneration
This page from the Zoology Department at the University of Guelph "presents a progressive series of slides which show the histological changes involved in amphibian limb regeneration." The page also includes a sequential "diagram and description" of amphibian limb regeneration.
Amphibians of Canada
This site provides photographs and detailed information about the amphibians of Canada. Browse the site by order, family, or species of amphibian.
Amphibians of Ontario
This index of the amphibians of Ontario was created by the Toronto Zoo. Each description of an amphibian is accompanied by a photograph. At this site you can also listen to calls of frogs and toads.
This looks like an impressive resource page, but less than 60% of the links work. If you're patient enough to wade through this list, you will find some good web sites.
This web site is primarily geared to young children. The site mainly contains nursery rhymes, poems, and myths about spiders, but it also provides links to science sites.
Atlantic Cooperative Wildlife Ecology Research Network (ACWERN)
"ACWERN is a regional research network focused on wildlife ecology in the marine, coastal and terrestrial ecosystems of Atlantic Canada. The network brings multi-disciplinary scientific approaches to bear on fundamental and applied problems in wildlife ecology and habitat relationships." The network's web site includes job postings, abstracts from past meetings, and contact information.
Biology of the Gypsy Moth in British Columbia
"It is very important to be familiar with the biology of the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) in order to understand how this insect can be managed." This page from the Government of British Columbia Ministry of Forests describes the life cycle of the gypsy moth, from egg to adult. The page includes photos of each stage in the gypsy moth's life.
Birds of Quebec
This web site includes a list of Quebec ornithology clubs, links to online resources, and annotated provincial and international bird checklists.
Build Your Own Field Guide
This interactive web site from the Royal Ontario Museum allows you to "design your own guide to common animals of your local area." This educational tool teaches you how to identify animals and provides a checklist so that you can record the animals you've sighted.
Canadian Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Network (CARCNET) -- Bilingual
At the CARCNET web site, you can learn about the natural history and conservation of amphibians and reptiles found in Canada. This is a comprehensive site that includes activities, such as: "hear the calls of the frogs and toads of Canada" and a quiz that tests your identification skills.
Canadian Great Lakes Frogs and Toads
This site provides brief descriptions of the frogs and toads that live in the Great Lakes.
Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) -- Bilingual
The CWS is "Canada's national wildlife agency" and they "handle wildlife matters that are the responsibility of the federal government." This web site is exceptional in design and content. Adults will enjoy the articles and children will have fun with the educational activities in "Kid's Zone." The CWS is a division of Environment Canada.
Corps Humain Virtuel -- French
This web site allows you to interactively explore the internal mechanisms of the human body.
Discover the Amphibians of Canada
This web site is divided into four sections: "an introduction to amphibians", "Amphibian Morphology and Reproduction," "Amphibian Ecology and Evolution" and "Amphibian Families." Each section contains photographs and illuminating facts about the amphibians of Canada.
Ducks Unlimited Canada -- Bilingual
Ducks Unlimited Canada emphasizes the reciprocal relationship between human beings and wetlands. The education section contains information on the Greenwing Education Programs for Youths (17 and under), information on wetland resources for teachers (grades 4 to 12) and an "ask the biologist" link.
The purpose of the "Frogging Abounds" web site was to recruit volunteers to conduct a survey of frogs in and near Toronto. The project sounds interesting but it took place in 1998 and the web site has not been updated since then. The site does provide lucid descriptions and lovely photographs of some of the frogs that are native to the Toronto area.
Human Biology Association
"The mission of the Human Biology Association is to advance the understanding human biological variation, to enhance the training of professional human biologists, and to foster a better comprehension of the scope of human biology among scientific professionals and the public." The web site includes information about the association's journal, membership applications, and a career resource page.
Important Bird Areas of Canada -- Bilingual
"An Important Bird Area (IBA) is a site providing essential habitat for one or more species of breeding or non-breeding birds. These sites may contain threatened species, endemic species, species representative of a biome, or highly exceptional concentrations of birds." The web site contains an online directory of IBA's and up-to-date news releases.
Insectarium De Montreal -- Bilingual
"The Insectarium aims first and foremost to awaken visitors to the wonders of the insect world, and to explain how insects play an essential part in ensuring the Earth's ecological balance." This attractive and informative web site is mostly bilingual, but the specialized articles are only in French.
Nova Scotia Frogs
This site provides a guide for identifying eight frogs that are native to Nova Scotia. It also includes information on "Finding and Watching Frogs" and in an article titled "Are Frogs Vanishing?" it tackles the issue of the world's declining frog population. The web site was created by the Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History.
Nova Scotia Herpetofaunal Atlas Project
"The objective of the Nova Scotia Herpetofaunal Atlas (NS Herp Altas) is to determine the current distribution and abundance of Nova Scotia's amphibians and reptiles (herps). The project will run from 1999-2003 and will conclude with the publication of a hard-copy atlas in 2004." The project is largely staffed by volunteer atlassers. The web site includes information on how to become an atlasser, a species ID guide, project information, and a photo gallery.
This award winning web site provides a plethora of information about "Plankton Ecology, Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography." The Plankton Net hosts a discussion group and a chat room, and it provides access to movies of zooplankton. The site includes numerous links to other sites that deal with aquatic science.
"Taxonomies attempt to group species into broader categories ( taxa, sing. taxon) on the basis of substantial similarities and inferred descent from common ancestors. The primate order is divisible into numerous biological taxa on several levels." This well-written site includes charts and descriptions of the levels of biological taxa.
Space for Species
This site is a "space-trekking, species-tracking program for young Canadians." It is an engaging site that enables kids to "monitor migratory animals." The site posts a daily question and provides science news updates.
The Virtual Embryo
This comprehensive web site from the University of Calgary is devoted to developmental biology. The site includes tutorials, research and educational resources, and a virtual library.
The Voices of Spring
"On mild nights in spring and early summer, the air is filled with the calls of courting frogs." Visit this web site to hear frogs "snore," "peep," "trill," and "quack."
The World of Parasites
This site provides a list of parasites that are found on each continent. The site also lists the disease or condition associated with each parasite and the number of deaths caused by the disease. This is a well-organized, informative, and disturbing web site.
World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Canada
The "WWF is committed to saving nature around the world today to secure a future for wildlife and people. WWF Canada is one of 27 national WWF offices and is a member of the world's largest independent conservation organization, WWF International." The site provides information about the WWF's conservation program, a resource and links page, and tells kids and adults what they can do to help save the environment.
"ZeroBio exists for high school students to test their understanding of the Science curriculum in a fun, interactive environment." This site follows the Ontario science curriculum for students in grades 9 to 12. This web site includes games, quizzes, a dissection lab, and many other fun and educational activities.
The Agriculture Institute of Canada (AIC)
"The Agricultural Institute of Canada (AIC) unites the professional and scientific components of Canadian agriculture in a federation of provincial institutes of agrologists and scientific and agriculture-related organizations." The site offers a news service, explains how one becomes an agrologist, and lists the institute's programs and events.
Agromedia -- Bilingual
"AgroMedia is an attempt to . . . provide you, the student, with some understanding of what it takes to feed the world." Created by Canada's Digital Collections, Agromedia addresses food-related issues such as "globalization," "animal welfare," and "biotechnology." The site is very easy to navigate, well-written, and offers a comprehensive glossary of agricultural terms.
The Amateurs Digest
The Amateurs' Digest is dedicated to "the fascinating hobby of collecting and growing succulent plants." The web site offers a list of current and past articles, a question-and-answer page, and subscription information.
The Anamorph Information Network
Sponsored by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the AnaNet is "an informal affiliation of approximately 150 scientists and students world-wide who share a common interest in either the taxonomy of anamorphic fungi or in identifying these fungi. The concept of the network is to share information and tools that facilitate these tasks." The web site provides issues of the online newsletter. Unfortunately, the site has not been updated since 1999.
Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador
The checklist was created by the Newfoundland Museum. The list "documents over 1300 taxa of plants known to occur in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It includes scientific names, English and French common names, key synonyms, range and specific habitat preferences, and notes on scarcity, notable range extensions, questionable reports and taxonomic problems."
This web site explains the morphology, reproduction, and importance of phytoplankton, fungi, macrophytes, and lichens. The information provided is comprehensible and extensive.
"The Arboretum at the University of Guelph facilitates understanding and respect for the world by designing and providing environmental education activities, developing and maintaining plant collections, evaluating flora, and supporting related research." Visit this site to find out about the Arboretum's educational programs, events, projects, research, or to read the online newsletter.
Asexual Reproduction Biology, Pearson Collage
This page was created by biology students at Pearson Collage ( in Victoria, BC. The page explains what asexual reproduction is, the types of asexual reproduction found in plants, and artificial asexual reproduction.
BIODIDAC -- Bilingual
ADD IN ANIMAL BIO AS WELL.
BIODIDAC is "a bank of resources for teaching biology." This web site from the University of Ottawa ( consists of hundreds of black and white illustrations and colour photographs, as well as several documents on applied and multivariate biostatistics.
Brassicaceae of Canada -- Bilingual
This "electronic database provides information on all species of Brassicaceae in Canada, Alaska and Greenland. It includes: taxonomic information" and "distributional data." This data base is easy to navigate and it includes the information about "chromosome numbers, native or introduced status in Canada," and details about the "life form and ecology" of brassicaceae. This database is from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
The Canadian Botanical Association (CBA/ABC)
"CBA/ABC serves as the national organization for botanists in Canada, including professional botanists at universities, colleges, schools, government and industry, as well as interested students, technicians and amateurs." The site includes membership information, job listings, an online newsletter, and a link to the Canadian Journal of Botany.
Canadian Botanical Conservation Network (CBCN)
The goal of the CBCN is to "help other people realize how important it is to conserve plant diversity." An entertaining and informative web site that includes experiments, quizes, a dictionary of terms, information on plants at risk, a links page and many other useful resources. This educational web site is for kids aged 8-14.
The Canadian Poisonous Plant Information System -- Bilingual
"The Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System presents data on plants that cause poisoning in livestock, pets, and humans." The site lists botanical and common names of Canada's poisonous plants and provides beautiful photographs and illustrations of the deadly flora. An easy-to-use interactive search engine will guide you to a thorough description of any poisonous plant you choose to look up. The site was created by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
Canadian Provincial / Territorial Wildflowers
This web page provides colour photograph of Canada's provincial flowers. Each photo is accompanied by the flowers scientific name.
Le Cercle de Mycologues de Montreal -- French
The purpose of the Circle of the Mycologists of Montreal is to "promouvoir l'étude et la connaissance des champignons, plus particulièrement des champignons supérieurs" ("promote the study and the knowledge of mushrooms, more particularly of higher mushrooms"). The web site provides information about the group's workshops, excursions, and publications. The site also offers a lovely gallery of "mushroom portraits."
The Definitive Yeast Transformation Page
This web site includes yeast transformation information and links to a transformation kit and to molecular biology servers and databases. The site contains a lot of information, but its design makes it difficult to navigate.
Field Botanists of Ontario
"The FBO is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1983 for those interested in botany and conservation in the province of Ontario." An attractive web site; however, many of the links are out-of-date or have been "under construction" since 2000.
Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archieplago
"This project is working to produce the flora of the vascular plants of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago in the DELTA electronic database format that will allow illustrated, interactive identification of the approximately 400 taxa of flowering plants on the Arctic Islands."
The Flower Herbarium
"A herbarium is a collection of pressed plant specimens housed according to taxonomic group in airtight cabinets. Each specimen is identified to species and annotated with information about where and when it was obtained and who collected it." This herbarium is at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario. At the web site you can search the specimen database, look at a list of publications, learn how to collect specimens, and find out about upcoming workshops.
Foret Virtuelle -- French
This website from the University of Laval is a comprehensive resource for learning about the biology of a forest. The site is easy to navigate and it contains beautiful photographs.
Green and Growing
Green and growing is an online lesson guide for teachers on the subjects of "food, agriculture, and sustainable development." The lesson plans are quite comprehensible are divided into five sections. Teachers are "encouraged to download . . . lessons, background essays, and worksheets, for in-class use." Copyright laws apply to other sections of the web site.
Fungi of Canada
This site contains beautiful photographs and eloquent descriptions of the slime molds and fungi of Canada.
George Barron's Website on Mushrooms and Other Fungi
Barron's web site offers information on "over 300 species" of fungi. The photographs of the fungi are beautiful and are accompanied by a brief description.
The Green Gene Gazette Online
"The Green Gene Gazette is an online publication of the Plant Biology Council of the University of Guelph. It contains news of research and researchers in the plant sciences."
The Green Pages -- Bilingual
"The Green Pages" from the Montreal Botanical Garden "are like a 'Virtual Garden Shed,' full of tools, connecting you to an abundant harvest of information on many different aspects of horticulture and botany." The web site offers a "series of horticultural leaflets" that provide information on various plants, mushrooms, and gardening techniques. The site contains beautiful photographs and information about the garden's educational and scientific activities.
Introduction to Tree Identification
Using annotated photographs, diagrams, and a list of definitions, this web site from Sir Sanford Fleming College clearly explains the basic methods of tree identification.
Invasive Plants of Canada
Invasive Plants of Canada is "a guide to species and methods of control" of undesirable plants from elsewhere. The web site includes regional news and fact sheets on invasive plants.
The Leaf and Photosynthesis
This page was created for biology students at the University of Manitoba ( but any student (or teacher) who wants to find out more about photosynthesis will appreciate the lucid descriptions and diagrams that this site provides.
Manitoba Association of Plant Biologists
"The Manitoba Association of Plant Biologists (MAPB) was formed in 1998 because of concerns about the lack of emphasis on plant biology in Manitoba; the failure of the universities to replace retiring and resigning staff in plant oriented departments, the lack of botanical material in the school curriculum, the shortage of botanically related positions in the provincial civil service, the many erroneous statements in the news media and the lack of adequately trained botanists in environmental consulting companies." The web site provides information about projects that the MAPB is involved with, the Association's constitution, an events listing, and job postings.
Moulds: Their Isolation, Cultivation, and Identification
This web site, authored by a botanist at the University of Toronto, is an "introductory guide to the study of moulds . . ." The site "includes discussions of mould classification, methods of study, importance to humans, and identification." This website is very well organized and includes annotated illustrations, charts, and photographs.
This web site provides detailed information about the plants of the Muskoka region in Ontario. Distribution information and a photograph accompany the description of each plant species.
Mycological Society of Toronto
"The Mycological Society of Toronto is a non-profit club for amateur mycologists and others with an interest in wild mushrooms and other fungi." The society's web site includes membership information, a list of upcoming events, and details about the society's annual Fungi Fair.
NRC Research Press: Canadian Journal of Botany -- Bilingual
The Canadian Journal of Botany's web site presents a list of past and forthcoming articles, a sample issue, and information for authors. The journal is published by the National Research Council of Canada.
Native Orchids of Canada
The Royal Botanical Gardens assembled this "database of orchids, organized by genus. The information included is location, specific habitat, flowering season, description, and comments." Each description is accompanied by a photograph.
North America Native Plant Society (NANPS)
"Through education and information" NANPS aims tp "inspire an appreciation of North America's native plants -- aiding the restoration of healthy ecosystems across the continent." The site includes a "feature plant" section, information on "plant rescues," a "seed exchange," and a list of the group's upcoming events.
Ontario Horticulture Association
"The OHA is an association of 270+ societies with more than 40,000 members throughout the province of Ontario. They seek to promote civic beautification, preservation of the environment, youth work and education in many aspects of horticulture." The site includes listings of garden clubs and conventions, and membership and newsletter information.
Plant Biotechnology Institute -- Bilingual
"As part of the National Research Council, PBI's biotechnology research benefits agriculture, and industrial processing by diversifying crops and crop products, with increasing concern and care for the environment." The web site includes the Institute's biennial bulletins, research information, and an events list.
Plant Hardiness Zones in Canada -- Bilingual
"The Plant Hardiness Zones map outlines the different zones in Canada where various types of trees, shrubs and flowers will most likely survive." This web site from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada teaches you how to interpret the interactive online map and provides information about indicator trees and shrubs.
This site attempts to engage ". . . students and the general public in the study of spring flowering times (phenology)." Based at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, this ongoing project elicits data from students and volunteers from all over the globe.
Poison Ivy, Western Poison Oak, Poison Sumac -- Bilingual
"Three Canadian plants contain a poisonous sap that is the causative agent of Rhus-dermatitis, the most widespread skin disorder affecting Canadians. The three poisonous plants are poison ivy (Rhus radicans L.), western poison oak (Rhus diversiloba T. & G.), and poison sumac (Rhus vernix L.). Poison ivy is the most common and widespread plant of the three." Visit this site to learn the symptoms of poisoning, methods of treatment, and how to identify and get rid of the three plants. The web site was created by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
The Poisonous Plant Patch
The Poisonous Plant Patch provides information on what plants are poisonous, how to identify and avoid poisonous plants, and what to do if someone eats a poisonous plant. An engaging and educational site that is worth checking out for the "Illustrated Guide to Common Nova Scotia Poisonous Plants" alone. The web site was created by the Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History.
The Potato Then and Now
"Archaeological evidence credits the natives of Peru with cultivating the earliest forms of potatoes approximately 4500 years ago." This is just one of the many historical facts concerning the potato that you can read about at this site. It also discusses the biology of the potato and the technology used in potato production. This site is surprisingly engaging.
Rare Plants of Ontario
"This website is intended to educate the public about rare plants in Ontario." This is a user-friendly site -- great for children and adults. It includes a database, preservation information, a glossary, and a page for teachers. The site contains a complete list of the rare plants of Ontario, but it only provides in-depth information about twelve. However, the links page connects you to other resources that offer greater details about the plants.
NEW: Introductory Biology: Lab Review Index
ADD TO ANIMAL BIO AS WELL.
This web site from the University of Manitoba ( Biology Department ( provides introductory lab notes on plant and animal biology. This site should not be used as a pre-made lesson plan; the author of this site states that "these lab reviews are intended for the use of University of Manitoba Students only."
Systematic Mycology/Botany at ECORC -- Bilingual
This site from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada "Develops identification systems and molecular diagnostics for economically important fungal species; develops molecular techniques to determine genetic diversity and relatedness in agriculturally-significant genes." The site includes several articles and an annotated research links section.
Tree Canada -- Bilingual
"The Tree Canada Foundation is a not-for-profit, charitable organization" that "provides education, technical assistance, resources and financial support through working partnerships to encourage Canadians to plant and care for trees in our urban and rural environment in an effort to help reduce the harmful effects of carbon dioxide emissions." Visit this web site to read about the Organization's commendable programs and to find out how you can get involved.
Trees and Shrubs of Ontario
Created at the Sir Sanford Fleming College School of Natural Resources, "this site is for the use of anyone anywhere on the web who is interested in learning some of the common trees and shrubs found in Ontario." Using written descriptions, the site teaches you how to identify the coniferous and deciduous trees and shrubs of Ontario. If you cannot find the information you need, visit the online "Forest Dendrology Resource" page that is also provided.
Wildflowers of the Rocky Mountains
"This wildflower webpage displays the most common flowers found in the Canadian Rocky Mountains." This site is a series of beautiful photographs of wildflowers. No written descriptions of the flowers are provided.
World Dictionary of Trees -- Bilingual
"This website attempts to present all currently accepted generic, specific, subspecific and variety names of trees, excluding fossil, extinct taxa, hybrids and cultivars." At this site, you can search the "World Directory of Trees Database" by continent. This educational tool is for people with some understanding of plant biology.
The World of Trees -- Bilingual
This educational web site was among "Qu_bec's 100 Best Sites for 1997." It explains the role of trees in maintaining biodiversity, commercial uses of trees, and the life of a tree. It also includes a glossary, games, and a chat room. This site is a good resource for schoolchildren.
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